Depression is treated with medications, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation, explains Mayo Clinic. The different classes of drugs include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors, atypical antidepressants and tricyclic antidepressants. Others include monoamine oxidase inhibitors, anti-anxiety drugs and stimulant medications.
Medical therapy requires patience because it takes a few weeks for the medications to take effect, according to Mayo Clinic. Some patients have to try several drugs before the right one is found, and the response to a medication depends on the inherent genetic traits of the individual. Some patients undergo a genetic test before they begin medical therapy, which helps determine how they will respond to specific antidepressant drugs.
Psychotherapy involves talking about the condition and how it affects the individual, explains Mayo Clinic. Depression can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectic behavioral therapy and mindfulness techniques. During therapy, patients explore their experiences and develop positive interaction techniques.
Therapists discuss strategies that can help patients adjust to crises and difficulties in life and help them identify negative beliefs and behaviors, describes Mayo Clinic. Therapy allows patients to regain satisfaction and control over their lives and helps ease the symptoms of depression.