The primary treatment of Clostridium difficile, also called C. diff, is through antibiotics, such as metronidazole, vancomycin or fidaxomicin, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment lasts for a minimum of 10 days, during which it is best to discontinue all other antibiotics.
The C. difficile infection returns in up to 20 percent of patients, and for some, it returns over and over again, states the CDC. If the infection returns, the first treatment is with the primary antibiotic, but if it keeps repeating, other antibiotics are necessary.
For some people who keep getting C. difficile, a fecal transplant sometimes works. This procedure takes the stool from a healthy person and transplants it into the infected patient. The procedure has a 90 percent success rate, according to Mayo Clinic. Some hospitals have a standard donor pool of already-tested stools because most insurance providers do not cover the cost of testing healthy stools.
C. difficile is a gut bacteria that overgrows and releases toxins that attack the small intestine, states WebMD. It results in a condition known as Clostridium difficile colitis. Symptoms of mild cases of this infection include watery diarrhea several times a day and slight abdominal pain. Symptoms of a severe infection include watery diarrhea up to 15 times a day, severe abdominal pain, fever, loss of appetite, bloody stools and weight loss. In the most severe cases, C. difficile can create a hole in the small intestine that is fatal unless it is treated immediately.