Individuals prone to muscle cramps in the toes and feet can minimize the risk by stretching and warming up before activity, engaging in good posture during strenuous activity, and stretching after exercise or intense activity, explains WebMD. Drinking plenty of water prior to, during and after activity keeps the body hydrated and prevents toe cramps.
Preventative measures to reduce the risk of toe cramps include taking a warm bath or stretching before bed, especially if muscle cramps cause restless sleep, according to WebMD. People should avoid pointing the toes while stretching and while sleeping. Keeping the legs warm while sleeping also helps to reduce the risk of toe, foot and leg cramps in the middle of the night. A diet rich in calcium, magnesium and potassium is also recommended to prevent muscle cramps.
Muscle cramps, which often lead to toe cramps, are caused by overuse of muscles, muscle strain, dehydration and holding positions such as sitting or standing for extended periods of time, according to the Mayo Clinic. Frequent muscle cramps can also indicate inadequate blood supply, nerve compression or a depletion of minerals such as magnesium, calcium or potassium in the body. People who take diuretics, medication for high blood pressure, may be more at risk for muscle cramps.