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How can you tell if you have tuberous sclerosis?

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You may be able to tell if you have tuberous sclerosis by symptoms such as seizures or white patches on the skin, but symptoms often vary, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Lesions in the lungs or brain as well as kidney problems are also reported.

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Doctors confirm a diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis by a physical examination including either a CT scan or MRI of the brain and scans of other organs that may harbor tumors explains the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Physicians carefully examine the skin, teeth, gums and retinas for lesions or fibromas.

Other symptoms of tuberous sclerosis depend on what part of the body is diseased, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Tumors may grow in the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys and skin. The vast majority of tumors are non-cancerous. The few malignant tumors associated with tuberous sclerosis usually affect the kidneys.

Most individuals with tuberous sclerosis are diagnosed as infants, often before age 1, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. In addition to the signs also found in adults, babies with tuberous sclerosis may experience developmental delays or behavioral issues.

Approximately 25,000 to 40,000 Americans have tuberous sclerosis, reports the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. It is found in about one in every 8,000 infants.

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