Patients can take probiotics and antibiotics at the same time, according to WebMD. One of three people taking antibiotics alone develop diarrhea, so taking probiotics simultaneously reduces the chance of developing diarrhea by 42 percent.
While antibiotics play an important role in fighting infections, WebMD indicates they kill both good and bad bacteria. The medicine affects the balance of good bacteria in the intestines, but adding the live bacteria from yogurt and other sources helps to restore it. As of 2015, research into the positive effects of probiotics is ongoing. While scientists acknowledge they are beneficial to patients, especially those who are otherwise at risk, they continue working to determine the most beneficial of these microorganisms.
Probiotic supplements exist in pill form and in enhanced yogurts. However, plain yogurt, some cheeses, buttermilk and acidophilus milk also contain probiotics. In addition, kefir, a yogurt based supplement, also acts as a probiotic. Vegetable sources include miso and tempeh, both types of fermented soy. Fermented cabbage, such as sauerkraut and kimchi, provide live probiotics, reports WebMD. However, when consuming any of these foods that are highly processed, read the label to ensure they contain live cultures and that processing has not killed the beneficial bacteria.