A diabetic meal plan should not contain trans fats, which are found in margarine, shortening, processed snacks and baked goods, reports Mayo Clinic. The diet should limit foods with sodium, cholesterol and saturated fats. A small amount of sugar is acceptable as long as it is included in an individual's total daily carbohydrate count, notes WebMD.
Foods with high cholesterol that diabetics should limit in their meal plans include egg yolks, shellfish, high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, explains Mayo Clinic. Foods high in saturated fats include hot dogs, bacon, sausages and beef. Because carbohydrates break down into blood glucose, carbohydrate counting is an important aspect of meal planning for type 1 and type 2 diabetics, advises the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. People with diabetes should limit carbohydrates that are high in added sugar such as grain-based desserts, milk-based desserts and sweetened drinks.
A diabetic meal plan emphasizes regular meal times and moderate portions as well as specific choices of foods, according to Mayo Clinic. Beneficial foods in a diabetic meal plan include healthy carbohydrates such as whole grains, vegetables, fruit, legumes and low-fat dairy products. Fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as tuna, salmon, sardines and mackerel, are also important. Although diabetics should limit fat intake, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats such as olives, almonds, avocados, pecans and walnuts are beneficial in moderation, as they help lower cholesterol levels.