A patient can live without a gallbladder, but he might need to avoid certain foods after gallbladder removal surgery, according to Everyday Health. The liver makes enough bile for normal digestive functions to continue without the gallbladder.
The gallbladder, which is a small organ located under the liver, concentrates, stores and secretes bile, explains Everyday Health. Gallstones are the most common gallbladder complication and reason for removal. Symptoms of gallstones include jaundice, inflammation of the gallbladder walls, and severe pain that usually occurs after eating high fat or greasy foods. Gallbladder removal also occurs due to gallbladder cancer, gallbladder rupture, pancreatitis or bowel obstruction.