Surgery is the primary treatment for most kidney cancers, according to the Kidney Cancer Association. There are different types of surgeries available, and the specific procedure depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, the extent of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.
Nephrectomy removes part or all of the kidney in order to prevent the spread of the cancer to other organs, explains Healthline. Kidney surgery eases symptoms such as bleeding and pain and helps the patient live longer, even if the cancer has spread to other organs, states the American Cancer Society. The prognosis is very positive when the doctor removes a single kidney. If the surgeon removes both kidneys, the patient needs a kidney transplant or hemodialysis, says MedlinePlus.