To stop ringing in the ears, the doctor must address and treat the underlying condition causing the tinnitus, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Certain noise-suppression devices, medications and lifestyle changes may also help reduce the noise.
Depending on the condition, treatment for tinnitus includes removing impacted earwax, switching medications or treating a blood vessel disorder, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients may also use white noise machines that simulate ocean waves, rainfall or other environmental sounds to cover up ringing in the ears, particularly when trying to sleep. Masking devices are another option that produce low-level white noise and are worn in the ear. In some cases, tinnitus retraining helps accustom patients to the ringing sound by masking the frequency with a specific musical tone through a worn device.
Tricyclic antidepressants may reduce tinnitus in patients with severe symptoms, but they can cause side effects such as blurred vision, dry mouth and constipation, according to Mayo Clinic. Alprazolam is another helpful medication, but it can be habit-forming and includes side effects such as nausea and drowsiness. Patients manage tinnitus at home by avoiding triggers such as caffeine, reducing alcohol consumption and managing stress. Playing soft music or turning on a fan in a quiet setting may also be helpful.