Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition in which there is an irregular heartbeat that may be caused by different factors like heart disease, hypertension, thyroid problems and a viral infection, reports the Mayo Clinic. Because these underlying medical conditions may contribute to atrial fibrillation, a doctor may have to provide treatment for these conditions as well as restore the heart's normal rhythm with a variety of medicines and medical procedures. For this reason, it is not possible to stop atrial fibrillation at home.
However, it is possible that along with prescribed medications and medical procedures like electric shock, a doctor also may recommend lifestyle changes like drink alcohol in moderation, refrain from smoking, lose weight and maintain healthy levels of blood pressure and cholesterol in order to improve the heart's health, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Because atrial fibrillation can lead to the formation of blood clots or strokes, the main goals of treatment are to restore a regular heartbeat and prevent the risks of clots or stroke, suggests the American Heart Association. Similarly, any underlying conditions must also be treated, states the National Institutes of Health. For people with recurrent atrial fibrillation, the main treatments can be medicines like amiodarone and ibutilde, electrical cardioversion, catheter ablation and a pacemaker. The treatment option will depend on the severity of the condition.