How can the Staphylococcus bacteria cause pneumonia?


Quick Answer

Staphylococcus bacteria, the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia, cause the lung’s air sacs to become inflamed and fill with fluid, pus and debris from cells, states Healthline. This causes the body to become impaired regarding the ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Bacterial pneumonia caused by staphylococcus bacteria is more common among those who are on mechanical ventilators and who have underlying lung disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Full Answer

Bacterial pneumonia can affect one or both lungs, causing infection in only a small area or the entire lung, explains Healthline This type of pneumonia ranges from mild to very serious; the more serious strains can result in respiratory failure or death. Staphylococcus bacteria live on the skin, intestine or pharynx and most frequently cause illness in drug abusers, individuals who are chronically ill and young children.

People at a higher risk for developing this type of pneumonia include individuals over the age of 65, smokers, those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, long-term users of immunosuppressant medications, and infants and children, according to Healthline. Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include a cough that has green, yellow or blood-tinged mucus, headache, muscle pain, feeling breathless or rapid breathing. Additional symptoms are loss of appetite, confusion, sudden onset of chills, and chest pain made worse by coughing or breathing.

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