Treatment for stage four kidney disease is available, but its main purpose is to reduce kidney deterioration, and it may not be successful in preventing kidney failure. Kidney failure is the total loss of kidney function, and it occurs at stage five kidney disease, the National Kidney Foundation explains.
The progress of kidney disease is divided into five stages. The least serious is stage one, while stage five indicates complete organ failure, the National Kidney Foundation states. In the earliest two stages, the kidneys’ function has deteriorated, but there is no significant loss of function yet. In stage three, the kidneys are operating at about half capacity. Treatment becomes very important at this stage, both to stop the loss of kidney function and to deal with high blood pressure, bone-related issues and other developing side effects.
The kidneys are significantly damaged at stage four, and treatment becomes even more important, especially as significant problems arise. In stage five, the kidneys no longer function, and the only remaining options are dialysis or a kidney transplant, according to the National Kidney Foundation.
In stage four kidney disease, many other complications are likely to appear; they can be as significant as the kidney disease itself, and a treatment plan should be formed, the National Kidney Foundation advises. Complications include high blood pressure, anemia, various other types of heart and blood issues, and bone and mineral issues. A treatment plan may include changes to eating and exercising habits in addition to any prescribed medication.