To get rid of external hemorrhoids, apply an ice pack to the area to reduce swelling. It is possible to treat most hemorrhoids without medical procedures, unless they are very large and painful, WebMD states.
Other ways to treat external hemorrhoids include:
- People can treat hemorrhoids by making changes to their diet and bowel habits. Eating fruit and vegetables each day reduces the risk of constipation, which in turn alleviates the problem. In addition, patients can try exercising more often and drinking water to soften the stools and promote bowel movements.
- Taking a fiber supplement can soften stools and make them easier to pass.
- When going to the toilet, people with hemorrhoids should avoid straining. In addition, it is important to go as soon as they feel the urge.
- Doctors may recommend taking a suppository or using a hemorrhoid cream.
In extreme cases, pain and swelling may warrant surgical intervention. When this happens, there are a couple options available:
- Using lasers to burn the hemorrhoid tissue.
- Removing the hemorrhoids via a hemorrhoidectomy.
In some cases, it is necessary to use a combination of surgical procedures to address external hemorrhoids. While surgery offers better long-term results than other approaches, it does have an extensive recovery period.