Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen, ketoprofen and ibuprofen help to slow heavy menstrual bleeding, according to Dr. Christiane Northrup, M.D. To achieve this effect, take one of these drugs one to two days prior to the start of the menstrual period, and continue taking it throughout the heaviest days of the cycle.
According to Dr. Northrup, birth control pills help slow menstrual flow in women who have uterine fibroids, excess circulating levels of estrogen and in those who do not ovulate. The physicians of North Shore Gynecology claim that endometrial ablation, a procedure that freezes or cauterizes the endometrial lining, helps reduce menstrual bleeding, as well. In fact, endometrial ablation stops the menstrual periods completely in some patients. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, a non-hormonal medication known as tranexamic acid is another option for those experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding. This medication is more effective than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and is taken three times daily while menstrual blood flow is heaviest. Tranexamic acid is not a hormone and is classified as an anti-fibrinolytic medication.
According to the CDC, intrauterine contraception helps to regulate menstrual periods and to lighten the flow of menstrual bleeding by releasing medication directly into the uterus. The CDC also states that hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus, eliminates menstrual bleeding altogether. However, this is a significant surgical procedure, and women who undergo this procedure no longer have the ability to become pregnant.