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Where can you find sarcoidosis treatment centers?

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Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio has a Sarcoidosis Center within its Respiratory Institute, according to the clinic's website. Specialized treatment for sarcoidosis is also available at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center's Interstitial Lung Disease Program, UCSF Medical Center reports. Additionally, many medical centers throughout the country offer specialized sarcoidosis care. A directory of clinics and physicians is available on the website of the Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research, StopSarcoidosis.org.

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The Sarcoidosis Center at Cleveland Clinic provides a team approach to patient care. Specialists in cardiology, neurology, rheumatology, pulmonology and other fields work together to evaluate and create an individualized care plan to meet each patient's needs, Cleveland Clinic explains. UCSF's Interstitial Lung Program primarily treats individuals with sarcoidosis in the lungs, according to the center's website.

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that causes the formation of nodules, known as granulomas, in one or more organs, most often the lymph glands and the lungs, explains Cleveland Clinic. Doctors don't know what causes the disease, but it is more common in certain ethnic groups and often occurs in clusters in different areas of the world. In some individuals, the disease comes on suddenly with nonspecific symptoms, such as weight loss, fatigue, fever and malaise. In these patients, the disease is often mild and goes away on its own. When the patient presents with shortness of breath, a persistent cough or a specific skin rash, the disease is usually more chronic and severe.

The aim of sarcoidosis treatment is the reduction of inflammation, which helps prevent scarring of the affected organs, a late and sometimes fatal effect of the disease, UCSF Medical Center reports. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, are usually very effective, but doctors often prescribe other immunosuppressive medicines, such as methotrexate, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine as well.

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