Individuals with toothaches can relieve pain by applying an ice pack to the outer portion of the cheek near the affected tooth or applying an over-the-counter benzocaine gel, suggests WebMD. Pain within the gums can be treated with a saltwater gargle and mouthwash and toothpaste that contains fluoride.
Individuals with gums that are red or mildly swollen should brush after each meal and snack with a tarter-control toothpaste containing fluoride and floss regularly, according to WebMD. People with sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages can relieve pain by brushing with a toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth and rubbing a small amount of the toothpaste on the affected teeth two or three times each day. Sugar-free gum or a warm saltwater rinse may help remove food particles that can irritate the gums. To reduce inflammation of the gums and relieve pain from a toothache, people can take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetaminophen, naproxen or acetaminophen, especially if a fever develops.
People experiencing tooth and gum pain should avoid very cold, hot or sweet drinks and foods because they can increase pain and sensitivity within the mouth, explains WebMD. Tobacco use can cause irritation to the gums and should be avoided. Pain that persists for more than a few days should be reported to a physician.