To treat chills, drink plenty of water and rest properly if mild fever occurs with no accompanying side effects, suggests MedlinePlus. It also helps to sponge with warm water to decrease a fever.
Chills typically occur along with fever, which naturally takes place when the body is subjected to infection and various other conditions, explains MedlinePlus. Treatment by a health care professional is often not necessary when treating fever and chills. Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen are recommended to fight fever and chills.
Avoid sponging with cool water, as it can aggravate chills and worsen a fever, notes MedlinePlus. Anyone with a high temperature should not wrap herself in numerous blankets and should avoid using an air conditioner or a fan.
Allow a child with chills to take aspirin-free pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, in tablet or liquid form if the child feels discomfort due to a high fever, says MedlinePlus. A person aged below 19 years old should not take an aspirin pain reliever to avoid the risk of Reye's syndrome.
A person should call a health care provider immediately if she experiences neck stiffness, irritability, confusion or sluggishness, advises MedlinePlus. The presence of symptoms such as bad cough, stomach pain, frequent urination and shortness of breath also require prompt medical attention.