The most common noninvasive treatments for trigger finger are rest, ice or heat, a splint and stretching exercises, states Mayo Clinic. These treatments can be sufficient for minor cases of trigger finger. More serious cases often require corrective surgery.
Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen can help relieve the pain of trigger finger, but these medications are not likely to relieve the swelling that causes the finger pain, notes Mayo Clinic. A doctor may recommend up to three or four weeks of rest to minimize hand irritation and swelling. A splint may also be used to keep the finger in the extended position and allow the tendon to rest.
If these simple treatments are ineffective, a steroid can be injected into the area near the affected tendon. The steroid injection reduces inflammation loosen the tendon, allowing the finger to move more freely with less pain. This treatment is effective in up to 90 percent of cases, states Mayo Clinic.
The doctor my choose to insert a needle into the palm and break apart the tissue that is restricting the tendon, says Mayo Clinic. This allows the tendon to move more freely. In some cases, surgery is necessary to correct trigger finger.