Patients can relieve lower-back pain by increasing rest, applying heat or ice directly to the affected area of the back, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, explains WebMD. Exercise can also help to increase mobility and relieve lower-back pain.
Patients with lower-back pain can also opt for physical therapy sessions to increase strength and mobility and relieve pain, according to WebMD. Physical therapists help patients complete exercises that reduce pressure on the nerves and widen spaces between the vertebrae that may cause lower-back pain. Stretching exercises can increase range of motion and ease stiffness.
Chiropractic adjustments and manipulations may help decrease inflammation and pain by improving spinal function, according to Spine-health. Physicians may also recommend epidural steroid injections to reduce inflammation and decrease back pain. Injections deliver steroid medication directly into the affected area to increase mobility that allows patients to exercise, move and heal.
Surgery for lower-back pain may be necessary in extreme cases, explains Spine-health. For individuals with abnormal spine curvatures, degenerated discs and sciatica, surgery to relieve pressure on compressed nerve roots may be helpful. Fusion surgery stops the motion at a motion segment in the back and may help to relieve lower-back pain.