Eating slowly, completely chewing food, avoiding extremely hot and cold foods and eating pureed foods ease swallowing pain, according to MedlinePlus. Patients should consult with a doctor if stools have changed or weight loss, shortness of breath or lightheadedness has occurred along with swallowing pain.
Infections, such as gum disease, the herpes simplex virus, human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus and thrush, can cause pain in the neck when swallowing, according to MedlinePlus. Esophagus issues, such as esophageal spasm, inflammation and gastroesophageal reflux disease, also cause swallowing issues. Remedying minor issues, such as removing a foreign object lodged in the throat or treating an infected tooth, also reduces swallowing pain.