Eliminating or reducing the intake of foods that contain purines and taking medications that stop the production of uric acid or facilitate removal of uric acid from the bloodstream can decrease uric acid levels, notes Mayo Clinic. Decreasing uric acid levels also decreases the risk of gout attacks.
Foods that contain purines contribute to high uric acid levels, so removing them is a first step to lowering uric acid levels. Organ meats, goose, seafood, red meat and sweetbreads are protein sources high in purines that people with high uric acid levels should avoid. Getting protein from low-fat or fat-free dairy products helps the body eliminate uric acid. Adding complex carbohydrates in the form of whole grains, fruits and vegetables also helps reduce these levels, as does drinking 64 to 128 ounces of water per day, reports Mayo Clinic.
Xanthine oxidase inhibitors such as febuxostat and allopurinol put a cap on the production of uric acid in the body. In many cases, this reduces uric acid levels in the blood. Allopurinol sometimes causes low blood counts and rash as side effects, while febuxostat causes a reduction in liver function, nausea and/or rash in some patients. Probenecid helps the kidneys get uric acid out of the body. Possible side effects include stomach discomfort, kidney stones and rash, as stated by Mayo Clinic.