The Mayo Clinic explains that the best ways to treat a low platelet count include blood transfusions, surgery and changing medications. A low platelet count is identified as a condition called thrombocytopenia, and the Mayo Clinic describes the best way of treating the condition as identifying and addressing its underlying cause. The Platelet Disorder Support Association suggests that dietary changes may also help to increase certain patients' platelet counts.
According to the Platelet Disorder Support Association, studies on mice have shown that reducing the amount of calories consumed by 32 percent raised the amount of platelets in the bloodstream. The PDSA also suggests that avoiding foods that are known to lower platelet levels can effectively raise an individual's platelet count. For example, aspartame, quinine and alcohol all lower the number of platelets in the blood. Additionally, cow’s milk and cranberry juice are also known to reduce platelet count. The association encourages those seeking to change their diet drastically to consult their physicians before doing so.
Some platelet disorders result from immune system dysfunction. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute states that medications are the primary way in which physicians attempt to increase the production of platelets for people suffering from immune thrombocytopenia. If that fails, the removal of the spleen, which destroys healthy platelets, is usually recommended.