Obesity and smoking both appear to contribute to hidradenitis suppurativa, so avoiding these conditions and activities may help prevent the condition, Mayo Clinic says. Family history and being female also contribute to hidradenitis suppurativa, and the occurrence of the condition is not predictable, so there is no reliable way to prevent it in all cases. When hidradenitis suppurativa occurs, however, there are steps that can reduce its severity and frequency.
A patient with hidradenitis suppurativa should keep any affected areas clean and wear loose clothes to minimize symptoms and prevent initial irritations, according to Mayo Clinic. The areas hidradenitis suppurativa is most likely to affect include places with many hair follicles and sweat glands, such as the anal area and groin. It is also likely to occur in places where skin rubs together such as the armpits, under the breasts, the inner thighs and between the buttocks.
Hidradenitis suppurativa generally starts after puberty with a single painful bump that can last for months, states Mayo Clinic. Symptoms can remain mild or worsen with time by moving to new areas of the body. The symptoms of hidradenitis suppurativa include persistent hard bumps under the skin, sores that leak, blackheads, and red tender lumps that can break open and leak pus.