To prevent fluid retention, avoid salt, eat potassium-rich foods, consume cabbage or cranberries, take vitamins A and C, eat yogurt, and drink plenty of water, says How Stuff Works. For relief from fluid retention and bloating, apply ice to swollen areas and engage in regular physical activity.
Salt contributes to fluid retention, so avoid adding it to recipes or eating packaged foods and junk food. Bananas contain high amounts of potassium, which help reduce the water retention and bloating effect of sodium. Consume plenty of bananas or other high-potassium foods, such as raisins, to prevent and alleviate fluid retention, advises How Stuff Works. Cabbage and cranberries are natural diuretics, and eating or consuming them in teas or juice helps the body eliminate excess fluids through urination.
Taking vitamins A and C prevents fluid retention and reduces bloating. Plain yogurt also helps. Drink plenty of water to flush fluids and toxins from the body. Applying an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables to swollen areas for five to 10 minutes can alleviate swelling and discomfort, states How Stuff Works. Get up and get moving throughout the day, elevate the legs and feet, and do stretches to prevent fluids from settling in specific parts of the body.