To prevent acute gouty arthritis attacks, prescription medications, such as allopurinol and febuxostat, are necessary to lower serum uric acid levels in the body, according to MedicineNet.com. Additional medications, such as over-the-counter pain relievers naproxen sodium and ibuprofen, are also used in the prevention of acute gouty arthritis.
When treating acute gouty arthritis with prescriptions medications, the sudden decrease of serum uric acid levels may cause a gouty arthritis attack. To help prevent a sudden attack, naproxen sodium, ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are often used in conjunction with allopurinol and febuxostat during the first six months of treatment, as stated by MedicineNet.com. To help maintain low serum uric acid levels, long-term treatment that includes the use of medications is often necessary, as reported by The Arthritis Foundation.
In addition to prescription and over-the-counter medications, patients with acute gouty arthritis should drink water throughout the day to remain hydrated, reduce alcohol consumption and maintain a healthy body weight, as reported by WebMD. Patients should avoid purine-rich foods, such as shellfish and red meat, which can increase serum uric acid levels in the body. Patients should consult a physician before starting a new diet as changes in body weight can increase serum uric acid levels and cause a gouty arthritis attack, according to The Arthritis Foundation.