As of December 2015, information about pressure sore treatment and prevention is on websites for WebMD, MedlinePlus and Prevention. Pressure sores, pressure ulcers and bedsores are injuries to the skin and lower tissue caused by a lengthy compression of the affected area, according to WebMD. The sores typically occur in bony areas of the body, including the heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.Continue Reading
Patients who are unable to change position are most often affected by pressure sores, explains WebMD. This includes individuals who are confined to beds or wheelchairs for long periods. General prevention measures involve staying hydrated and not wearing clothes that are tight or have elements that impact skin, such as buttons, zippers or thick seams, advises MedlinePlus.
Patients in wheelchairs help prevent the development of bedsores by having the fit checked at least once annually, continues MedlinePlus. A well-fitting foam or gel seat cushion helps, as does changing position by leaning every 15 to 20 minutes. Gel, air or foam mattresses are best for patients in bed. Pillows under the heels, shoulders, tailbone and elbows help relieve pressure. Patients' positions should change every hour or two.
Treatment for pressure sores depends upon how serious they are, states Prevention. In the early stages, it is necessary to cover unbroken skin with protective film or lubricant. Open wounds need cleaning and dressing with film, gauze, gel or foam coverings, recommends Mayo Clinic. Doctors sometimes surgically remove dead skin from large sores. In certain cases, chemical enzymes help clear away dead tissue.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises