In addition to doctors' offices and public health services, people get pneumonia vaccines at a number of community sites, including pharmacies, schools, colleges and religious institutions, according to Vaccines.gov. That website also has a vaccine finder that lists community locations within a specific zip code area.
Pneumonia vaccines help immune systems develop antibodies to fight the disease, Mayo Clinic explains. Generally, babies and toddlers under 2 years of age do not get the shot because they are unable to produce sufficient antibodies. All adults 65 years old and above are advised by doctors to become vaccinated.
Recommendations for the vaccine also include several specific groups of people between the ages of 2 and 64, continues Mayo Clinic. People with heart, liver, kidney or lung disease; asthma; diabetes; sickle cell disease; alcoholism; or other chronic illness have a higher risk of developing pneumonia. Smokers are also more vulnerable, as are people in long-term care facilities.
Anyone who has spleen problems or has had the spleen removed is more susceptible to pneumonia and should be vaccinated, Mayo Clinic reports. People with impaired immune systems, such as those with HIV, cancer, or organ or bone marrow transplants, need the support of the vaccine. In addition, Alaskan natives and some Native American populations traditionally have high rates of pneumonia, states the CDC. Therefore, they should receive vaccinations, asserts Mayo Clinic.