Making lifestyle changes, taking estrogen supplements and avoiding particular triggers are possible ways to reduce the incidence of hot flashes, according to Healthline. It is important to maintain a healthy diet, practice portion controls, exercise regularly and avoid smoking.
Common triggers for hot flashes include alcoholic drinks, caffeinated beverages, cigarette smoke, spicy foods and stress, states Healthline. Wearing tight clothes or staying in a hot room can also lead to hot flashes. It helps to keep a record of when symptoms occur and the triggers possibly associated with the symptoms to determine which activities, foods or clothing to avoid. Practicing meditation may help women manage stress.
A woman can also manage hot flashes by putting an ice pack beside her bed, choosing cotton night clothes and bed linens, and drinking ice water when a hot flash occurs, recommends Healthline. Estrogen supplements help control hot flashes by normalizing the body's estrogen levels. Doctors usually advise taking estrogen with progestin to lower the risk of endometrial cancer.
Some women experience relief from taking gabapentin and pregablin, which are medications intended for relieving nerve-mediated pain, notes Healthline. Other medications that possibly alleviate hot flashes are the antidepressants paroxetine, fluoxetine and venlafaxine. A study revealed that acupuncture can help reduce hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms. Women should consult with a doctor if common remedies for hot flashes fail to work.