The best way to stop a menstrual period temporarily is through the use of hormonal birth control, according to Med-Health.net. When taken correctly, hormonal birth control can prevent or delay periods; stopping use of birth control causes the period to return. However, prolonged birth control hormone use is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, so women should consult a physician before taking birth control hormones.
Hormonal contraceptives, available as a pill, patch, injection, implants and intrauterine devices, work by inhibiting ovulation and fertilization, Med-Health.net states. The contraceptives can halt the period after the current cycle. Some birth control options, such as Depo-Provera and Lybrel, offer the option to halt periods entirely.
Menstrual suppression was initially developed in order to alleviate or mitigate severe symptoms such as menstrual migraines or pain from endometriosis, but according to WebMD, convenience is now playing more of a factor. Although Dr. Leslie Miller of the University of Washington is not against menstrual suppression, she cautions that the long-term effects have yet to be studied. Currently there are no age restrictions on this type of birth control and there appear to be no long-term effects on a woman's ability to become pregnant later in life, she says. Birth control hormones do not protect against STDs and HIV.