Protecting oneself from the Ebola virus can be as simple as staying away from areas in which outbreaks are occurring. For those who do not have this option, extreme care should be taken to avoid contact with the saliva, blood, urine, feces, vomit, mucus, breast milk, sperm and other bodily fluids of infected people.Continue Reading
The Ebola virus travels from infected animals to humans and is then transmitted from human to human through contact with an infected person's bodily fluids, so proper precautions should always be taken when in close proximity with a person who has been infected with the Ebola virus. Precautions may need to be taken well after an infected person recovers, because the virus can stay active in their bodily fluids for months after they have stopped showing symptoms of the disease.
Because the Ebola virus disease is not subject to airborne transmission, it is theoretically possible for healthy individuals to avoid infection even when interacting directly with infected patients. Health care workers who are caring for individuals infected with Ebola are at particular risk for contracting the virus. The risk of transmission is increased when proper sanitation protocol is not followed.
Those who are in proximity with a person who has been infected with Ebola should never make contact with the sick individual's bodily fluids and should take care to protect their mucous membranes.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines Ebola as a disease caused by one of five viruses of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus: Ebola virus, Sudan virus, Tai Forest virus, Bundibugyo virus and Reston virus. Of the five species of Ebolavirus, four have been shown to infect humans and cause illness. As of January 2015, the fifth strain, the Reston virus, has only infected nonhuman primates.Full Answer >
The Ebola virus is thought to come from bats, according to LiveScience. Out of over 1,000 small animals that were tested, only three species of fruit bat, the hammer-headed bat, Franquet's epauletted fruit bat and the little-collared fruit bat, were found to harbor the Ebola virus.Full Answer >
The Ebola virus first appeared in humans during a massive African outbreak of the Ebola virus disease in 1976. This initial outbreak was, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the most widespread and complicated outbreak ever reported.Full Answer >
Ebola virus outbreaks may be tracked through online government resources such as the Center for Disease Control or through reliable news websites such as NBC. As of 2015, the website Health Map shows worldwide Ebola outbreaks in real-time, according to NBC.Full Answer >