Information on how to treat bursitis is available at WebMD.com and MayoClinic.com, as of June 2015. Doctors typically use conservative measures, including ice, rest, pain relievers and nonprescription anti-inflammatory medications, and recommend that patients avoid condition-aggravating activities, according to Mayo Clinic.
More aggressive treatment options include prescription medications, injections, assistive devices and surgery. If an infection is causing the inflamed bursa, a doctor may prescribe an antibiotic. Physical therapy or muscle-strengthening exercises for the affected area aid in relieving pain, and using a cane when walking relieves pressure temporarily, notes Mayo Clinic. A doctor may inject the bursa with a corticosteroid drug to relieve shoulder or hip inflammation pain rapidly. In rare cases, a doctor may drain a bursa or remove it surgically.