Oral lichen planus is believed to be triggered by an immune response and cannot be spread from person to person, explains Mayo Clinic. The condition is chronic with symptoms that include white patches inside the mouth and inflammation of the oral tissues.
While there is no cure for oral lichen planus, symptoms can often be managed with medications such as corticosteroids and gentle oral hygiene practices, according to the American Academy of Oral Medicine. Individuals with oral lichen planus may also develop lesions on the mucosal tissues of the eyes and genitalia. It is important for individuals who exhibit potential symptoms of the condition to consult with a physician to ensure a correct diagnosis. Oral lichen planus is often diagnosed through biopsies.