An uncomplicated nosebleed can be treated with pressure to the nostrils and the application of an ice pack to the bridge of the nose, explains Drugs.com. A person suffering a nosebleed should sit with his head up and slightly forward to prevent the blood from running down the back of the throat.
Pressure should be maintained on the nostrils for a full 10 minutes, according to WebMD. Using a medicated nasal spray prior to applying pressure may help the nosebleed stop more quickly. If bleeding continues, the person should continue with gentle pressure for another 10 minutes. Once the bleeding stops, a light coating of Vaseline or an antiseptic nasal cream inside the nostril helps to keep the area moisturized. Blowing the nose or sticking anything in the nostril should be avoided for at least 12 hours.
Nosebleeds can occur as a result of trauma, or they may occur spontaneously when the mucous membranes dry out and crack, explains MedicineNet.com. Nosebleeds typically occur more frequently in dry climates and during the winter months when indoor air is dry as a result of forced-air heating. Other factors that increase the risk of nosebleeds include the use of blood thinning medications; a history of alcohol abuse, high blood pressure, or rhinitis; infections; and nose picking or other trauma. Hormonal changes during pregnancy increase the risk of nosebleeds in women.