Nearby macular hole treatment patient discussion groups can be found using the Meetup website or HealthFinder.gov. Additionally, web-based support groups can be found at the Drugs.com.Continue Reading
According to the National Eye Institute, macular holes are punctures in the macula, which is in the center of the retina. It is responsible for the level of vision needed for seeing fine details, and a macular hole can bring about blurred vision. Frequently attributed to aging, macular holes commonly occur in those over age 60.
Macular holes exist in three stages. Stage One is foveal detachments, and if not treated, half of the individuals afflicted progress to Stage Two, or partial thickness holes. About 70 percent of untreated Stage Two cases progress to Stage Three, or a full thickness hole. The impact on an individual's vision depends on both the size of the hole and where it is found on the retina, but Stage Three usually equates to the loss of detailed vision. Macular holes that remain untreated can lead to an emergency condition called a detached retina that can leave an individual blind.
Macular holes are caused by the eye's vitreous shrinking and pulling away from the retina's surface. While this is a normal process that is typically aided by the addition of a natural fluid buffer, individuals experiencing macular holes do not have that buffer. Instead, tension is placed on the retina, and a hole is created. The remaining vitreous leaks through the hole and blurs vision.Learn more about Vision