To stop drinking, many people take medicines disulfiram, naltrexone, acamprosate and topiramate, notes WebMD. Also known as Antabuse, Disulfiram causes people to become nauseated if they drink alcohol after taking the medicine. Naltrexone disrupts the pleasurable people experience after drinking alcohol.
Also known as Campral, acamprosate reduces cravings for alcohol, according to WebMD. Doctors typically treat severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms with diazepam and related benzodiazepines. People suffering the most severe withdrawals receive seizure medicines to prevent seizures during the detoxification process. In addition to these medicines, people dealing with alcohol abuse often take vitamin supplements. Thiamine supplements can prevent the occurrence of alcohol-induced thiamine deficiency, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and severe brain damage.