Medication cannot cure aortic valve stenosis, but it can treat some symptoms of this condition, reports Mayo Clinic. Surgery to repair or replace the aortic valve and open up the channel is the only way to eliminate aortic valve stenosis.
No existing medication can cure or reverse aortic valve stenosis, attests Mayo Clinic. Medication used to treat symptoms associated with this condition include medicines that help reduce fluid accumulation, slow down an accelerated heart rate, and control disturbances of the heart rhythm. Medications that lower blood pressure can potentially help to prevent or slow the development of aortic valve stenosis.
Surgery is the primary medical treatment for aortic valve stenosis, according to Mayo Clinic. Damaged or narrowed aortic valves are generally replaced with a mechanical or tissue valve during an open-heart surgical procedure while the patient is under general anesthesia. Mechanical valves are typically of metal construction, giving them durability but increasing the risk of blood clots forming on or adjacent to the valve. Patients having artificial valves implanted need to take anticoagulant medications for the rest of their lives.
Tissue valves are typically made out of cow, pig or deceased human donor tissue, explains Mayo Clinic. Tissue valves frequently narrow over time and must be replaced. In some instances, surgeons are able to replace an aortic valve with a pulmonary valve from the patient's own heart.