Manage Type 2 diabetes with physical activity, a healthy diet, insulin therapy and blood-sugar monitoring, according to Mayo Clinic. While there is no one-size-fits-all diabetic diet, patients with Type 2 diabetes should aim for a low-fat, high-fiber diet.
A healthy diet for Type 2 diabetics includes whole foods, such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains, according to Mayo Clinic. Type 2 diabetics should eat low-glycemic-index foods, which are generally high in fiber. The diet should limit animal products, refined carbohydrates, sugary drinks and sweets.
A healthy diet combined with physical activity helps manage Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetics should aim for 30 minutes of aerobic exercise most days of the week, suggests Mayo Clinic. Aerobic activities include swimming, walking, biking. Dancing, yoga and running are optimal choices as well. It is important to add a few days of strength training and stretching too.
If diet and exercise alone are not effective, Type 2 diabetics should consider insulin therapy and blood-sugar monitoring. Other diabetes medications may be effective as well, but the options should be discussed with a doctor. Diabetics who are obese may consider bariatric surgery as a last resort to treat and manage Type 2 diabetes, according to Mayo Clinic.