Individuals with ulcerative colitis generally find it helpful to keep a food diary as an organized method of fine-tuning suitable food options, according to WebMD. Due to the variable nature of ulcerative colitis, individuals need to adopt a patient and flexible approach to meet the demands of their condition.
There is not a singular type of diet that works for everyone with ulcerative colitis, asserts WebMD. A well-balanced diet remains important, but individuals have to make personal adjustments based on foods that they know to be safe and foods that trigger flare-ups. By noting the effects of the foods and drinks they consume in a food diary, individuals may find it easier to identify their requirements and keep track of their progress.
Health care professionals may recommend a high-calorie, lactose-free, low-fat, low-fiber or low-salt diet depending on the individual's circumstances. They may also suggest the use of nutritional supplements to counter the risk of nutrient deficiencies, says the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Individuals with ulcerative colitis may benefit from eating several small meals a day instead of a few large meals. They should stay hydrated with plenty of fluids while avoiding carbonated beverages, alcohol and drinks that contain caffeine, which can make their symptoms worse, states Mayo Clinic.