Preventive anti-malarial medications are obtained through consultation with a doctor or local health department prior to traveling, states WebMD. Because no anti-malarial drug is 100 percent effective, additional prevention is required through the use of insect repellents, bed netting and protective clothing, adds the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Continue Reading
Anti-malarial drugs are prescribed based on the specific geographic destination, the individual’s state of health and his age, according to WebMD. The medicine must be taken in the exact dosage on a consistent schedule for the length of time prescribed to be effective. Upon returning home, the medication is continued for up to four weeks to ensure that all parasites are eradicated. If the travel destination lacks adequate medical care, a doctor can prescribe medicine for the trip to treat signs of an infection until medical help is obtained, ideally within 24 hours of malaria symptom onset.
Malarone is a good drug choice for last-minute and short trips because it can be started a day or two prior to departure and requires continuation for just one week after return, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malarone is taken in daily doses and has minimal side effects. Chloroquine and Lariam are useful anti-malarial drugs for longer trips because they are taken on a weekly basis. Both drugs are safe for women in all stages of pregnancy.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins