Massage the foot, stretch it gently, apply ice packs or warm the muscle to relieve foot cramps, suggests WebMD. It also helps to bathe in Epsom salts and to drink lots of water to keep the body properly hydrated.
Muscle cramps involve a tight feeling and intense pain, and they typically affect the muscles of the foot, calf, thigh, hands and arms, says WebMD. They result from muscle spasms, which are uncontrolled contractions of one or multiple muscles. Common causes of cramps include poor circulation of blood in the legs, overuse of the calf muscles during exercise, inadequate stretching before exercise routines and performing exercise in very warm environments. Dehydration, muscle fatigue, and deficiency in magnesium or potassium are also potential causes.
Do proper stretching activities before exercising, and consume foods rich in vitamins, magnesium and calcium to prevent cramps, notes WebMD. When a cramp occurs in the calf or the back of the thigh, place the body’s weight on the leg, and gently bend the knee a little. If a cramp affects the front of the thigh, maintain balance by holding to a chair, and pull the foot slowly toward the buttock.
Muscle cramps often last for minutes only, states WebMD. Anyone who suffers frequent cramps without a known cause should talk to a health-care professional, as these cramps could be a symptom of an underlying medical problem.