Liposuction is a surgical procedure, so it is not available without surgery, according to WebMD. However, due to advances in medicine, liposuction is a less invasive procedure and usually done as an outpatient procedure.
There are three main types of liposuction, and in general, this does not require a hospital stay, explains WebMD. Tumescent liposuction is one option. In this case, the doctor uses a local anesthetic to numb the area, and then he uses a tube to remove the fat after injecting an anesthetic solution of epinephrine and lidocaine. Liposuction may also occur with ultrasound, which liquefies the fat, making it easier to suck out. A doctor may also use a laser to do liposuction, which also liquefies the fat before removal.
Following liposuction, the doctor wraps the area to reduce bruising, swelling and pain, claims WebMD. Depending on where the liposuction occurs, the patient also may wear a special support garment for up to a month. There is usually a lot of swelling and bruising for the first week or so, and fluid may come from the incision for several days. Most people can move around following liposuction and can return to normal activities when feeling comfortable. Most people return to work within a few days, but this may take longer if the doctor treats larger areas.