Some of the techniques to use in preventing leg and foot cramps include massaging the legs and feet, placing an ice pack on the affected area, consuming a lot of fluids, taking a bath and putting a heat pad on the affected area. The use of painkillers or prescribed medication can also be a great way to deal with leg and foot cramps, according to WebMD.
Some of the most common causes of leg and foot cramps include pregnancy, injury, frequent exercise, carrying of heavy loads, staying in very cold temperatures, low levels of fluids in the body, lack of certain nutrients in the body and certain medical conditions, according to National Institutes of Health.
To help deal with muscle cramps, doctors may prescribe certain medications which must be taken according to the instructions given. Painkillers such as acetaminophen can help reduce the pain.
Taking a warm bath just before going to sleep can be a good way to reduce pain, since it will have a relaxing effect on the affected area. In the same breath, putting heat pads or ice packs on the area can help the strained muscles in the area relax, thus getting rid of the painful sensations.
Leg and foot cramps that are caused as a result of low levels of fluid in the body can be dealt with by drinking higher quantities of healthy fluids such as water and fruit juices.