The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook states that human kidneys can often heal themselves from the damage caused by acute kidney failure. A full recovery of kidney function is more likely if the episode of failure lasted less than five days and no complicating factors, such as infections, are present.Continue Reading
Harvard University explains that the human body uses mesenchymal stem cells to help protect the kidneys from injury and speed up their healing. Scientists at the university have identified several proteins produced by these stem cells that may help accelerate the healing process when administered to patients. Alternatively, some of these stem cells are placed inside small dialysis machines so that the blood can come into contact with the cells and the healing proteins be absorbed and travel directly to the kidneys. Ultimately, scientists at Harvard University hope to produce new kidneys through the use of stem cells.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica lists increased concentrations of nitrogenous substances, potassium and sulfates as common problems that accompany acute kidney failure. High blood pressure, exposure to metals or organic solvents and a loss of blood are common causes of acute kidney failure. Conditions that limit the flow of urine from the kidneys, such as kidney stones, can also cause damage to these filtering organs.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
According to the National Kidney and Urological Diseases Information Clearinghouses, or NKUDC, kidneys work to filter the blood into urine, ideally preventing proteins from passing into the urine; however, high blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys, preventing them from properly filtering the blood and allowing protein to pass into the urine. This damage is caused by the increased pressure on the blood vessels, which causes them to stretch, resulting in scarred and weakened blood vessels.Full Answer >
The general term used to describe damage or disease of the kidneys is nephropathy. This term, however, is not frequently used except to describe diabetic nephropathy and IgA nephropathy, explains WebMD.Full Answer >
Lead poisoning can lead to irreversible damage concerning brain development as well as damage to the kidneys and nervous system, as detailed by Mayo Clinic. Seizures, loss of consciousness and death may occur in cases in which people have very high levels of lead in their bodies.Full Answer >
Treatment for protein leaking from the kidneys into urine, a condition called proteinuria, includes taking drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, states WebMD. Patients with temporary or mild proteinuria may not need treatment. As proteinuria is not a disease, its underlying cause determines its treatment.Full Answer >