Receiving regular testing; managing weight, blood pressure and blood sugar; quitting smoking; exercising; eating a healthy diet and taking pain medications in moderation all contribute to kidney health. Each day, kidneys take two liters of water, toxins and wastes from about 200 liters of blood, according to Fox News.
Kidney damage often takes place over time, which means that symptoms can present themselves so slowly that the patient may not notice them until kidney failure has set in. Each time a patient gets a yearly physical, testing urine for albumin, a protein that marks kidney damage, and testing blood for creatinine, a waste product that the kidney should filter out, provides an idea of how well the kidneys are performing their task of filtering, as stated by Fox News.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two main causes of kidney disease. Even a pre-diabetic, with elevated blood sugar levels, and someone with slightly elevated blood pressure can damage the kidneys over time, making management of these conditions crucial. Keeping weight at a healthy level keeps the kidneys from having to work as hard filtering out wastes or dealing with the metabolic load of a higher mass, notes Fox News.
Smoking exacerbates kidney disease and other conditions that harm the kidneys, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Exercising regularly and making healthy nutritional choices cuts the danger of kidney disease as well. People taking medications are relying on the kidneys to filter those chemicals out of the body. Excessive use of naproxen and ibuprofen can harm the kidneys, states Fox News.