Arthritis-health, Sutter Health, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and WebMD offer informative knee replacement video clips. Each informational video gives a general description of a total knee replacement procedure. In addition, Sutter Health's video explains the difference between a standard knee replacement technique and a minimally invasive technique.Continue Reading
During knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, the surgeon begins by preparing the bone for the metal implants, explains the AAOS. This involves shaving off the damaged surfaces at the ends of the femur and tibia, the two leg bones that the knee joins together. After he prepares the bone, the surgeon secures the metal implants on the ends of the bone, creating a new surface for the knee joint. If necessary, the surgeon also resurfaces the back side of the patella, or kneecap. Finally, the surgeon places a spacer made of medical-grade plastic between the two metal implants.
Patients with lifestyle-limiting knee pain due to arthritis are ideal candidates for total knee replacement surgery, according to the AAOS. Patients with knee deformities or chronic knee swelling are also good candidates. Before having total knee replacement surgery, doctors usually try less invasive approaches to reducing knee pain, including injections, physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medications.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging