If a patient suffers peripheral artery disease, he can increase leg circulation with exercise, stopping smoking, reducing cholesterol and blood pressure, and eating according to a healthy diet, reports WebMD. With this disease, his doctor might also prescribe the drugs cilostazol or pentoxifylline or recommend the patient begin a taking aspirin as a blood thinner.
Smoking causes the arteries to constrict and increases poor circulation, warns Mayo Clinic. Quitting smoking is the most important step for smokers with poor leg circulation to reduce the chances of complications from the condition. A doctor can provide options, including certain medications, to help a patient stop using tobacco.
Exercise also helps with poor circulation in the legs by improving the efficiency of muscles in the use of oxygen, notes Mayo Clinic. Doctors measure the effectiveness of treatment for circulatory problems in the legs by measuring how far a patient can walk without experiencing pain. A doctor may recommend the patient take part in a rehabilitation program based on exercise or help him begin his own exercise program.
A healthy diet is beneficial in lowering both cholesterol and blood pressure, explains Mayo Clinic. Caused by the buildup of plaque and hardening of the arteries, peripheral artery disease is similar to coronary artery disease. If lifestyle changes do not provide relief from the condition, patients may require medication to reduce their symptoms.