Infections and inflammation usually cause high white blood cell counts, according to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. The elevated count can be also be attributed to allergic responses, severe stress and pregnancy. Medications such as corticosteroids and epinephrine boost white blood cells as well, according to the Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
Typically, white blood cell count tests are ordered along with complete blood cell count tests, according to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. A physician may request these tests when a patient has a fever, body aches and chills. In addition, physicians use these counts to help diagnose disorders of the blood or immune system.
White blood cells, also called leukocytes, are the body's second line of defense against foreign invaders, according to Merck. The body’s physical barriers, such as skin and the lining of respiratory membranes, are the first line of defense. If foreign bodies, such as bacteria and pollen, make their way into the bloodstream, white blood cells discover the foreign bodies and destroy them. This is why an infection or allergic reaction results in elevations in white blood cell counts. Severe mental and physical stress can also spur the body to increase circulating white blood cells, according to MedlinePlus. Leukemia, cigarette smoking and tissue damage increase leukocyte count as well.Learn more about Medical Ranges & Levels
A high white blood cell count may indicate anemia, infection, allergic reaction or leukemia, states MedlinePlus. Other causes include extensive tissue damage, cigarette smoking and severe mental or physical stress. Taking certain medications, including albuterol, corticosteroids, lithium and epinephrine, may also raise a person's white blood cell count.Full Answer >
A low white blood cell count and low blood platelet count can mean a patient has myelodysplastic syndrome, according to the MDS Foundation and Mayo Clinic. MDS is a group of disorders of the bone marrow.Full Answer >
An elevated red blood cell count is associated with dehydration, congenital heart disease, kidney tumors, bone marrow diseases and scarring of the lungs, reports MedlinePlus. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that transports oxygen.Full Answer >
Dropping some weight, drinking more water, avoiding stress and incorporating more healthy foods into the diet all combine to increase white blood count. When this count is low, the immune system cannot function properly, leaving the body poorly defended against illness or infection, according to Med-Health.net.Full Answer >