A hematoma on the lower leg can result in a localized infection, or cellulitis, if the area is swollen or there is even a tiny break in the skin, Mayo Clinic says. The infection can spread to the bloodstream, causing sepsis. The terms "sepsis" and "septicemia" are interchangeable, notes MedicineNet.Continue Reading
Cellulitis is most common in the lower extremities, and people with compromised immune systems, such as those with diabetes, HIV/AIDS, chronic leukemia, and liver or kidney disease, are at greatest risk. Signs of cellulitis include redness, pain, swelling and warmth in the area of the injury and possibly a fever, according to Mayo Clinic. Sometimes small red spots or blisters appear around the injured area as well.
When cellulitis spreads to the bloodstream, the bacteria can set off an inflammatory response in the entire body, and the characteristic signs and symptoms of sepsis ensue, Mayo Clinic says. These include an elevated heart and breathing rate, fever greater than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, and an abnormal white blood cell count, according to MedicineNet. If sepsis is severe, a decrease in urine output, changes in mental status, difficulty breathing and abdominal pain occur. If sepsis progresses to septic shock, the person's blood pressure drops, causing multiple organs to fail. The mortality rate from septic shock is around 50 percent, according to Mayo Clinic.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Initial symptoms of cellulitis vary based on the patient's health condition but commonly include expanding red areas of the skin, pain, fever, swelling and tenderness, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients may also develop red spots and blisters on the skin in addition to skin dimpling. Pain is common when suffering from cellulitis.Full Answer >
Swelling in only one leg can occur due to an infection, varicose veins in the lower leg, an insect bite or a blood clot, explains University of Minnesota Medical Center. Other potential causes are injuries, recent surgical procedures, clothing or accessories that press against the leg, and venous insufficiency.Full Answer >
Pregnancy, overconsumption of salty food, premenstrual symptoms, and sitting or standing in one position for too long cause mild cases of edema, states Mayo Clinic. Edema can also be caused by estrogens, certain diabetes medications, high blood pressure medications, steroid drugs and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Full Answer >
Some symptoms of a lower abdominal or inguinal hernia include a bulge in the area on either side of the pubic bone, as well as weakness or pressure in the groin, states the Mayo Clinic. Another symptom is pain in the groin that is especially noticeable when coughing, bending or lifting.Full Answer >