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How can gout be treated?

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Treatments for gout include lifestyle changes such as limiting consumption of purine-rich foods, including organ meats, and limitations on alcoholic beverages and fructose-sweetened drinks. Medical treatments include drugs that block production of uric acid and aid uric acid removal from the body, notes Mayo Clinic.

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Medicines for gout either treat ongoing attacks or keep future attacks from happening. Colchicine, also known as Mitigare or Colcrys, is a painkiller that helps with gout pain. The side effects often include diarrhea, vomiting and nausea. Corticosteroid injections such as prednisone may help with gout pain and swelling. These can be taken orally or injected right into the joint. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium and prescription NSAIDs all help with the swelling. Drugs that stop uric acid production, known as xanthine oxidase inhibitors, drain uric acid from the blood and reduce the gout. Drugs that boost uric acid removal, such as probenecid, support the kidneys in filtering uric acid into the urine, as stated by Mayo Clinic.

People who consume alcohol heavily and eat a considerable amount of foods with purines, such as seafood, organ meats and red meat, should work to cut those items out of their diet. Instead, they should substitute leaner protein sources, such as fat-trimmed cuts of chicken and fish. Exercising regularly and maintaining healthy weight levels also decrease the risk of gout, according to Mayo Clinic.

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