Although gout usually affects the big toe, this arthritic condition can also affect the elbows, knees, fingers and wrists. It is the joints in these parts of the body that are usually affected with gout, explains the National Institute of Arthritis Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Gout, which is also referred to as gouty arthritis, is a condition in which there is a buildup of uric acid in the blood that leads to joints becoming inflamed, red, and painful, relates the Arthritis Foundation.
The causes for the buildup of uric acid in the body can include a diet that is high in purine or the inability of the kidneys to release enough of the uric acid. Some risk factors associated with gout are or obesity overconsumption of alcohol, reports the Columbia University of Medicine (Division of Rheumatology). Some other symptoms of gout are stiffness and a sensation of heat in the affected joint. The treatment for gout can include medications like corticosteroids and colchicine.